Worship: Transcendent and/vs Immanent

When we worship, we come to worship God Who is three times holy. In corporate worship we are in God’s house, and so we should act like it. Reverence is understandable in light of who God is. He is transcendent, He surpasses all our ideas, thoughts and opinions about Him, He is majestic, seated in the heavenlies.  Now while some think that the transcendence of God means that He is ‘unknowable’, and this is misleading. God has been speaking to mankind for a long time, and has revealed Himself in the Holy Scriptures.

What transcendence means is that God is not us. He is infinitely superior to us. He is the Sovereign King, infinitely majestic and glorious (Psalm 36:6; 1 Samuel 2:2). God is God and we are not. This is perhaps the most helpful attitude we can cultivate when we meet in worship.

The correct response to God’s transcendence is reverence, honour and esteem. When people in Scripture found themselves in God’s presence they were never flippant or casual (Exodus 20:18; Isaiah 6:5; Revelation 1:17), and this is vital since “our God is a consuming fire,” we are to “offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence and awe” (Hebrews 12:28-29).

Huge beautiful cathedrals help us to grasp this sometimes, with their incredible ceilings, stained-glass windows, and hallowed halls, we here sense a bit of our smallness before the Almighty God. Formal liturgies are also helpful, with their carefully chosen devout words, said in reverence. Hymns like “Holy, Holy, Holy” impress the reality of God’s transcendence and otherness upon us.

Worship that looses sight of this truth approaches God casually. In our desire to help others see God as more approachable we must never forget that God is wholly unlike us. “I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like Me” (Isaiah 46:9).

BUT, not only is God transcendent, He is also immanent, which means He is near to us. We are not deists, God does not remain distant and removed from creation, “In Him we live and move and have our being” (Acts 17:28). The incarnation demonstrates this the best, for in the incarnation God took on flesh, Jesus is our brother, shepherd and Savior. His mercies are “new every morning” and He is able to sympathize with us in all our weaknesses (Lamentations 3:23; Hebrews 4:15). God is Immanuel, God with us (Matthew1:23; Isaiah 7:14).

Cathedrals do not help us to grasp God’s closeness very well. I think of Christ being a friend of sinner and tax collectors…

Many of the contemporary praise songs helps us sing not only about God, but to Him. Songs like “As the Deer”,  “Wonderful, Merciful Savior” and “My Jesus, my Savior” where we get a sense of God’s desire for us to know His nearness.

As a warning, I need to say, some songs make refer to God or Jesus as a friend in a way that makes Him sound like a buddy or sensual lover; this totally misses or skews the biblical idea. The Bible does say we are friend’s of God (John 15:14-15)… But D.A. Carson points out that “not once is Jesus or God ever described in the Bible as our friend. Of course in one sense Jesus is the best friend a poor sinner ever had. Nevertheless, that is not the terminology of Scripture, almost as if the Bible reluctant to descend into the kind of cheap intimacy that brings God or Jesus down to our level”[i].

I think perhaps a contemporary song which really captures the transcendence and yet grasps the nearness of God is “O Sacred Kind” by Matt Redman:

O Sacred King, O Holy King
How can I honour You rightly,
Honour that’s fit for Your name?
O Sacred friend, O Holy friend
I don’t take what You give lightly
Friendship instead of disgrace.

For it’s the mystery of the universe
You’re the God of holiness,
Yet You welcome souls like me
And with the blessing of Your Father’s heart
You disciple the ones You love
There’s kindness in Your majesty

Jesus those who recognize Your power
Know just how wonderful You are
That You draw near

How one does all of this practically will have to be worked out. One way may be to have different Sundays with a different focus, perhaps in line with the sermon, or to consciously make sure that there is a healthy mixture in each service. Perhaps the best way to keep this tension is to constantly remind ourselves of the gospel. In the Gospel we see a Holy, awesome God exacting wrath, and yet forgiveness, mercy, friendship and hope being expressed.

Spurgeon put it well when he said:

“I can admire the solemn and stately language of worship that recognizes the greatness of God, but it will not  warm my heart or express my soul until it has also blended therewith the joyful nearness of that perfect love that casts out fear and ventures to speak with our Father in heaven as a child speaks with its father on earth. My brother, no veil remains.[ii]”

I praise God for good Christians books that are the source of my thinking here.


[i] D.A Carson, The Difficult Doctrine of the Love of God (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 2000), 41

[ii] Charles H Spurgeon, The Power of the Cross of Christ, ed. Lance Wubbels (Lynnwood, WA: Emerald Books, 1995, 66.

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